Saturday, September 5, 2009

Christ's Death A Substitutionary Payment For Our Sin!

(1 Peter 2:24 NIV) 
He himself bore our sins in his body on the tree, so that we might die to sins and live for righteousness; by his wounds you have been healed.

Isaiah 53:5-12 NIV
(5) But he was pierced for our transgressions, he was crushed for our iniquities; the punishment that brought us peace was upon him, and by his wounds we are healed. 
(6) We all, like sheep, have gone astray, each of us has turned to his own way; and the LORD has laid on him the iniquity of us all.
(7) He was oppressed and afflicted, yet he did not open his mouth; he was led like a lamb to the slaughter, and as a sheep before her shearers is silent, so he did not open his mouth. 
(8) By oppression and judgment he was taken away. And who can speak of his descendants? For he was cut off from the land of the living; for the transgression of my people he was stricken.
(9) He was assigned a grave with the wicked, and with the rich in his death, though he had done no violence, nor was any deceit in his mouth.
(10) Yet it was the LORD's will to crush him and cause him to suffer, and though the LORD makes his life a guilt offering, he will see his offspring and prolong his days, and the will of the LORD will prosper in his hand.
(11) After the suffering of his soul, he will see the light of life and be satisfied; by his knowledge my righteous servant will justify many, and he will bear their iniquities.
(12) Therefore I will give him a portion among the great, and he will divide the spoils with the strong, because he poured out his life unto death, and was numbered with the transgressors. For he bore the sin of many, and made intercession for the transgressors.

Romans 3:23-26 NIrV
(23) Everyone has sinned. No one measures up to God's glory.
(24) The free gift of God's grace makes all of us right with him. Christ Jesus paid the price to set us free.
(25) God gave him as a sacrifice to pay for sins. So he forgives the sins of those who have faith in his blood. God did all of that to prove that he is fair. Because of his mercy he did not punish people for the sins they had committed before Jesus died for them.
(26) God did that to prove in our own time that he is fair. He proved that he is right. He also made right with himself those who believe in Jesus.

And that's the teaching of the Bible from cover to cover. Even from the beginning:

(Genesis 3:21 KJV) 
Unto Adam also and to his wife did the LORD God make coats of skins, and clothed them.

How did God cover (atone for) Adam and Eve's nakedness (sin)? He killed a substitute, then took its skin and covered their nakedness (sin) with it.

(2 Corinthians 5:21 NIV) 
God made him who had no sin to be sin for us, so that in him we might become the righteousness of God.

And what was the whole OT sacrificial system? It was them placing their hands on a substitute, then killing it to atone for their sin. This is more evident in the NIRV:

(Exodus 25:17 NIrV) 
"Make its cover out of pure gold. The cover is the place where sin will be paid for. Make it three feet nine inches long and two feet three inches wide. 

(Exodus 26:34 NIrV) 
Put the cover on the ark of the covenant in the Most Holy Room. The cover will be the place where sin is paid for.

(Exodus 30:6 NIrV) 
"Put the altar in front of the curtain that hangs in front of the ark where the tablets of the covenant are kept. The ark will have a cover. It will be the place where sin is paid for. There I will meet with you.

(Exodus 30:10 NIrV) 
"Once a year Aaron must put the blood of a sin offering on its horns to make it pure. He must do it on the day Israel's sin is paid for. Do it for all time to come. The altar is a very holy place to me."

(Exodus 37:6 NIrV) 
He made its cover out of pure gold. It was three feet nine inches long and two feet three inches wide. The cover is the place where sin is paid for.

(Exodus 40:20 NIrV) 
He got the tablets of the covenant. He placed them in the ark. He put the poles through its rings. And he put the cover on it. The cover was the place where sin is paid for.

(Leviticus 10:17 NIrV) 
"Why didn't you eat the sin offering in a place that is near the Holy Room? The offering is very holy. It was given to you to take the people's guilt away. It paid for their sin in the sight of the LORD.

(Leviticus 16:2 NIrV) 
The LORD said to Moses, "Speak to your brother Aaron. Tell him not to come into the Most Holy Room just anytime he wants to. Tell him not to come behind the curtain that is in front of the cover of the ark. The cover is the place where sin is paid for. If he comes behind the curtain, he will die. That is because I appear in the cloud over the cover.

(Leviticus 16:13 NIrV) 
He must put the incense on the fire in my sight. The smoke from the incense will hide the cover of the ark where the tablets of the covenant are kept. The cover is the place where sin is paid for. Aaron must burn the incense so that he will not die. 

(Leviticus 16:17 NIrV) 
"No one can be in the Tent of Meeting when Aaron goes into the Most Holy Room to pay for the people's sin. No one can enter the tent until Aaron comes out. He will not come out until he has paid for his own sin and the sin of his whole family. He will not come out until he has also paid for the sin of the whole community of Israel. 

(Leviticus 16:27 NIrV) 
"The bull and the goat for the sin offerings must be taken outside the camp. Their blood was brought into the Most Holy Room. It paid for sin. The hides, meat and guts must be burned up.

(Leviticus 16:30 NIrV) 
"On that day your sin will be paid for. You will be made pure and clean. You will be clean from all of your sins in my sight.

(Leviticus 23:27 NIrV) 
"The tenth day of the seventh month is the day when sin is paid for. Come together for a special
service. Do not eat any food. Bring an offering that is made to me with fire.

(Leviticus 23:28 NIrV) 
Do not do any work on that day. It is the day when sin is paid for. On that day your sin will be paid for in my sight. I am the LORD your God. 

(Leviticus 25:9 NIrV) 
The tenth day of the seventh month is the day when sin is paid for. On that day blow the trumpet all through your land.

(Numbers 5:8 NIrV) 
"'But suppose the person has died. And suppose there is not a close relative who can be paid for the sin that was committed. Then what is paid belongs to the LORD. It must be given to the priest. A ram must be given along with it. The ram must be sacrificed to the LORD to pay for the sin. 

(Numbers 7:89 NIrV) 
Moses entered the Tent of Meeting. He wanted to speak with the LORD. There Moses heard the LORD talking to him. The LORD's voice was speaking to him from between the two cherubim. The cherubim were over the place where sin is paid for. It was the cover on the ark where the tablets of the covenant were kept. The LORD spoke with Moses there.

(Numbers 8:21 NIrV) 
The Levites made themselves pure. They washed their clothes. Then Aaron gave them to the LORD as a wave offering. That's how he paid for their sin to make them pure.

(Numbers 15:28 NIrV) 
With it the priest will pay for the person's sin in the sight of the LORD. He will do it for the one who did wrong by sinning without meaning to. When the sin is paid for, that person will be forgiven. 

(Numbers 16:47 NIrV) 
So Aaron did as Moses said. He ran in among the people. The plague had already started among them. But Aaron offered the incense and paid for their sin.

(Numbers 25:13 NIrV) 
He and his sons after him will have a covenant to be priests forever. That is because he was committed to making sure that I, his God, was honored. In that way he paid for the sin of the people of Israel."

(1 Chronicles 6:49 NIrV) 
Aaron and his sons after him brought the offerings. They sacrificed them on the altar of burnt offering. They also burned incense on the altar of incense. That was part of what they did in the Most Holy Room. That's how they paid for the sin of Israel. They did everything just as Moses, the servant of God, had commanded.

(1 Chronicles 28:11 NIrV) 
Then David gave his son Solomon the plans for the porch of the temple. He gave him the plans for its buildings and its storerooms. He gave him the plans for its upper parts and its inside rooms. He gave him the plans for the place where sin is paid for and forgiven. 

(2 Chronicles 29:24 NIrV) 
Then the priests killed the goats. They put the blood on the altar as a sin offering. It paid for the sin of the whole nation of Israel. The king had ordered the burnt offering and the sin offering for the whole nation. 

(Proverbs 16:6 NIrV) 
Through love and truth sin is paid for. People avoid evil when they have respect for the LORD. 

(Isaiah 6:7 NIrV) 
He touched my mouth with the coal. He said, "This has touched your lips. Your guilt has been taken away. Your sin has been paid for." 

(Isaiah 22:14 NIrV) 
I heard the LORD who rules over all speaking. "Your sin can never be paid for as long as you people live," says the Lord. 

(Isaiah 40:2 NIrV) 
Speak tenderly to the people of Jerusalem. Announce to them that their hard service has been completed. Tell them that their sin has been paid for. Tell them I have punished them enough for all of their sins."

(Daniel 9:24 NIrV) 
"The LORD has appointed 70 'weeks' for your people and your holy city. During that time, acts against God's law will be stopped. Sin will come to an end. And the evil things people do will be paid for. Then everyone will always do what is right. Everything that has been made known in visions and prophecies will come true. And the Most Holy Room in the temple will be anointed.

(Hebrews 9:5 NIrV) 
The cherubim were above the ark. God showed his glory there. The cherubim spread their wings over the place where sin was paid for. But we can't deal with those things more completely now.

(Hebrews 9:12 NIrV) 
He did not enter by spilling the blood of goats and calves. He entered the Most Holy Room by spilling his own blood. He did it once and for all time. He paid the price to set us free from sin forever.

And even to the end:

(Revelation 5:9 NIrV)
Here is the new song they sang. "You are worthy to take the scroll and break open its seals. You are worthy because you were put to death. With your blood you bought people for God. They come from every tribe, language, people and nation.

And thus many have clearly understood the Scripture:

1Pe 2:24 

Christ died for our sins, in our place, so we would not have to suffer the punishment we deserve. This is called "substitutionary atonement."
(Life Application Study Bible)

Genesis 4:2-6 
The process of time mentioned in verse 3a allows for a considerable increase in the world's population. There must have been a time when Cain and Abel were instructed that sinful man can approach the holy God only on the ground of the blood of a substitutionary sacrifice. Cain rejected this revelation and came with a bloodless offering of fruits and vegetables. Abel believed the divine decree and offered slain animals, thus demonstrating his faith and his justification by God (Heb_11:4). He brought the firstborn of his flock, saying in effect that the LORD deserves the best. Abel's offering points forward to the substitutionary death of the Lamb of God, who takes away the sin of the world.
(Bible Believer's Commentary)

Exodus 31:12-18

When an Israelite brought a burnt offering, he laid his hand on the head of the victim, identifying himself with it, and saying in this way that the animal would die in his place. It would be a substitutionary sacrifice. The animal was slain and its blood poured out, pointing forward to the blood of Christ, without which there is no forgiveness of sins (Heb_9:22). All except the skin was burned on the altar. Here, as so often, the type breaks down because Christ was totally devoted
to the Father's will at Calvary.

It was a sweet aroma offering, reminding us of God's complete satisfaction with the work of Christ. And it made atonement for the offerer. (ibid.)


Psalm 22:1-31
22:3 In a sense the Savior explained His forsakenness in the words, "But You are holy, who inhabit the praises of Israel."

The love of God demanded that sin's wages be paid. God's love provided what His holiness demanded. He sent His Son to die as a substitutionary sacrifice. Now "stern justice can demand no more, and mercy can dispense her store." (ibid.)

Psalm 85:1-13
Mercy and truth have met together. In human affairs strict adherence to the claims of truth usually prevent the display of love and mercy. But God can shower His steadfast love on His people because all the claims of truth were fully met by the Lord Jesus on the cross. In the same sense, righteousness and peace have kissed. Believers enjoy peace with God because all the claims of divine justice were met by the substitutionary work of the Savior. (ibid.)

Ezekiel 45:1-25
The Passover is to be kept on the fourteenth day of the first month and the Feast of Tabernacles on the fifteenth day of the seventh month.

No mention is made of the Feast of Pentecost, the Feast of Trumpets, or the Day of Atonement.
In the light of all these rituals and holy days how grateful we should be for the once-for-all substitutionary work of Christ on our behalf! (ibid.)

Acts 13:1-52

On the basis of the work of Christ, of which His resurrection was the divine seal of approval, Paul was now able to announce remission of sins as a present reality. Notice his words: "Through this Man is preached to you the forgiveness of sins."

Acts 13:39 But there was more to it than that. Paul could also now announce full and free justification from all things. This was something the law of Moses could never offer. Justification is the act of God by which He reckons or declares to be righteous those ungodly sinners who receive His Son as Lord and Savior. It is a legal act which takes place in the mind of God, and by which the sinner is cleared of every charge against him. God can righteously acquit the guilty sinner, because the penalty for his sins has been fully met by the substitutionary work of the Lord Jesus Christ on the cross. (ibid.)

Romans 5:1-11
The "much more" of the believer's reign in life (Rom_5:17) of pure grace. The substitutionary death of Christ removed the cause of our hostility toward God—namely, our sins. By faith in Christ we have been reconciled to God. (ibid.)

CHAPTER VIII
GOD THE SON: HIS SUBSTITUTIONARY DEATH

Whether in Bible doctrine or in common speech, the word substitution means the replacement of one person or thing for another. Though not a Bible word, its specific meaning when related to the Scriptures is concerning the work of Christ on the cross, and by it is indicated the fact that those unmeasured, righteous judgments of God against the sinner because of his sin were borne by Christ substituting in the sinner's room and stead. The result of this substitution is itself as simple and definite as the transaction -- the Saviour has already borne the divine judgments against the sinner to the full satisfaction of God. There is therefore nothing left for the sinner to do or for him to persuade God to do; but he is asked to believe this good news, relating it to his own sin, and thereby claim his personal Saviour. 

The word substitution fails to represent all that is accomplished in the death of Christ. In fact there is no all-inclusive term. By popular usage, the word atonement has been pressed into this service; but the word atonement:, which does not once appear in the original text of the New Testament, means, as used in the Old Testament, only to cover sin. However, the word atonement does clearly indicate the divine method of dealing with sin before the cross. In the Old Testament, while requiring no more than a symbolic animal sacrifice for the remission of sins (Lit. toleration, Rom_3:25), and winking at sin (Lit. to overlook and not punish, Act_17:30), God was acting in perfect righteousness since He was awaiting the coming of His own Lamb who would in no way pass over or cover sin, but who would take it away for ever (Joh_1:29).

In attempting to consider the full value of the death of Christ we should distinguish:

1. That the death of Christ assures us of the love of God toward the sinner (Joh_3:16; Rom_5:8; 1Jo_3:16; 1Jo_4:9); added to this, there is, naturally, a reflex influence or moral appeal through this truth upon the life of the one who really receives it (2Co_5:15; 1Pe_2:21-24); but this appeal
concerning the manner of daily life is never addressed to the unsaved.

2. The death of Christ is said to be a redemption or ransom paid to the holy demands of God for the sinner and to free the sinner from just condemnation. It is significant that the one  discriminating word for, meaning "instead of," or "as a price paid for," is used in every passage wherein this aspect of truth appears (Mat_20:28; Mar_10:45; 1Ti_2:6).

In like manner, the death of Christ was a necessary penalty which He bore for the sinner (Rom_4:25; 2Co_5:21; Gal_1:4; Gal_3:13; Heb_9:28).

So, also, the death of Christ was an offering for sin, not as the animal offerings of the Old Testament which could only cover sin in the sense of delaying the time of righteous judgment; but as taking it to Himself, bearing it, and bearing it away forever (Joh_1:29; Isa_53:7-12; 1Co_5:7; Eph_5:2; Heb_9:12, Heb_9:22, Heb_9:26; 1Pe_1:18-19). 

3. The death of Christ is represented on His part as an act of obedience to the law which sinners have broken; which act is acceptable to God in their stead (Gal_4:4; Phi_2:8; Rom_5:19; Rom_10:4).

4. The death of Christ was a priestly mediation by which the world was reconciled unto God. Reconciliation results when enmity is removed, and, while it is never implied that the world's enmity toward God is removed, it is declared that the judicial state of the world is so altered before God by the death of Christ that He is said to have reconciled the world unto Himself. So complete and far-reaching is this provision that it is added in the Scriptures that He is not now imputing their trespasses unto them (2Co_5:18-19; Eph_2:16; Col_2:20). 

5. The death of Christ removed all moral hindrances in the mind of God to the saving of sinners. By that death God is propitiated and thus declared to be righteous when He, (1) anticipating the value of the sacrifice of His Son, passes over the sins of His people who lived before the cross
(Rom_3:25; Heb_9:15, R.V.), and (2) to be just at the present time when He justifies those who do no more than believe in Jesus (Rom_3:26). This aspect of the death of Christ is to be distinguished from all others because of its effect upon God. Since, in that death, His infinite love and power are released from restraint by the accomplishment of every judgment which His righteousness could demand against the sinner, God is more advantaged by the death of Christ than all the world combined. 

6. Christ, in His death, became the Substitute bearing the penalty belonging to the sinner (Lev_16:21; Luk_22:37; Isa_53:6; Joh_10:11; Rom_5:6-8; 1Pe_3:18; Mat_20:28). This fact is the ground of assurance for all who would come unto God for salvation. It presents something for every individual to believe concerning his own relation to God on the question of his own sin. A general belief that Christ died for the whole world is not sufficient; a personal conviction that one's own sin has been perfectly borne by Christ the Substitute is required -- a belief which results in a sense of relief, joy, and appreciation (Rom_15:13; Heb_9:14; Heb_10:2).

Salvation is a mighty work of God which is wrought instantly for the one who believes on Christ.

7. The death of Christ is often misinterpreted. Every Christian will do well to understand thoroughly the fallacy of those misstatements which are so general today: 

a. It is claimed that the doctrine of substitution is immoral on the ground that God could not in righteousness lay the sins of the guilty on an innocent victim. This statement might be considered if it could be proved that Christ was an unwilling victim; but the Scriptures present Him as being in fullest sympathy with His Father's will and actuated by the same infinite love (Heb_10:7; Joh_13:1). Likewise, in the inscrutable mystery of the Godhead, it was God Himself  who was in Christ reconciling the world unto Himself (2Co_5:19). So far from the death of Christ being an immoral imposition, it was God Himself, the righteous Judge in infinite love and sacrifice, bearing the full penalty that His own holiness required of the sinner.

b. It is claimed that Christ died as a martyr and that the value of His death is seen in the example He presented of courage and loyalty to His convictions even unto death. The sufficient answer to this error is that, since He was God's provided Lamb, no man took His life from Him (Joh_10:18;
Psa_22:15; Act_2:23).

c. It is claimed that Christ died to create a moral effect which is that, since the cross displays the divine estimate of sin, men who consider the cross will be constrained to turn from lives of sin. This theory, which has no foundation in the Scriptures, assumes that God is now seeking the reformation of men; while, in reality, the cross is the ground of regeneration.

(Lewis Sperry Chafer; Major Bible Themes)

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Have you heard Christ died for our sins, and God raised Him from the dead? Did you know God saves you from hell and gives you eternal life through faith in this finished work alone, not your merits (Jn. 3:16; 1 Cor. 15:1-3; Eph. 2:8-10; 2 Thess. 1:8-9)? This is so man cannot boast, and God alone gets the glory (Eph. 2:8-9).

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