Wednesday, December 30, 2009

Romans 5: Peace And Life Through Christ

Text: Romans 5

Theme: The gospel reveals the righteousness of God

2. In Justification (3:21-5:21)
   C) Unto Peace with God (5:1-11)
   D) Unto life (5:12-21)


Having shown that a person is justified by faith in Christ, apart from works (1-4), chapter five explains the benefits of this justification: namely, peace with God (5:1-11), and life (5:12-21).

Justification through faith in Christ results in peace with God (1-11). This includes a standing in grace (2), hope of glory (3-5), assurance of God's love (5-11), and reconciliation (5-11). Peace with God is not something one has to make, but a benefit which he may enjoy when God declares him righteous through faith in Christ. 


Justification changes a person's standing before God, so that he is in a position of grace, rather than under God's wrath.  Even pressures and trials (3-5) only serve to foster hope, as the believer first abides under them, then sees God develop character in his life through them, then comes to know God will deliver him from them (cf. Col. 1:27; Rom. 8:17-30; 2 Cor. 4:17; Col. 3:4; 2 Thes. 2:14; Heb. 2:10; 1 Peter 5:1, 10). This process assures believers of God's love through the Holy Spirit which indwells them (cf. Ephesians 1:13ff.).


God also assures the believer of his love, in that he provided reconciliation through the death of Christ. Reconciliation is a change which harmonizes two opposing parties. The death of Christ for "all men" satisfied God's righteous demands against sin, and thus changed the world to a position where it may be saved. Since God provided this reconciliation when the believer was still an "ungodly", "enemy", how much more will He continue to save the believer from wrath, through the living ministry of Christ, since the believer has become harmonized with God through Christ? Justification through faith in Christ results in peace with God.


Justification also results in life (12-21). The excellence of this benefit in Christ is seen by contrasting it with the sinners lot in Adam. Since all believers were present in the loins of Adam when he sinned (cf. Hebrews 7:9-10, where the tribe of Levi was credited with paying tithes to Melchizedek  since they were in Abraham's loins when he tithed), God puts this transgression to each individuals account.  This is confirmed by the fact that men died between the time of Adam and the OT law, even though men did not break any commandments (12-14). As a result of Adam's one trespass, many died, while by Christ's grace, the gift of righteousness abounds to many (v15-16).


Through Adam's one sin, death has reigned, but because of Christ's one work of righteousness, all who believe can have eternal life (18), become righteous (19), and reign in life (20-21). The law only revealed and provoked more sin in men (20). Therefore, God's gift is seen to abound all the more when He provided justification through faith in Christ, to those who transgressed the law. Justification results in the believer's reign in eternal life with Christ.  Justification through faith results in peace with God, and eternal life in Christ.

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The Gospel


Have you heard Christ died for our sins, and God raised Him from the dead? Did you know God saves you from hell and gives you eternal life through faith in this finished work alone, not your merits (Jn. 3:16; 1 Cor. 15:1-3; Eph. 2:8-10; 2 Thess. 1:8-9)? This is so man cannot boast, and God alone gets the glory (Eph. 2:8-9).

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