Sunday, March 28, 2010

Jesus Turned Water To Wine, Cleansed The Temple, And Predicted His Resurrection (John 2)

Theme: "And many other signs truly did Jesus in the presence of his disciples, which are not written in this book: But these are written, that ye might believe that Jesus is the Christ, the Son of God; and that believing ye might have life through his name." (20:30-31).

1. Personal Persuasion
     A. Of disciples (1-2)
          1. By turning water into wine (v2:1-11)
          2. By cleansing the temple (v2:12-17)
          3. By predicting His resurrection (v2:18-25)

Christ further persuaded the disciples that He is God, by turning water to wine (v1-11), cleansing the temple (v12-17), and predicting His resurrection (v18-25).

First, Christ persuaded the disciples by turning water to wine. John claimed Christ was the Word of God, and that He was the eternal creator. Now, he offers proof of this, by testifying of a miracle which Jesus performed. Three days after calling Nathaniel, Jesus and the disciples attended a wedding in Cana of Galilee. When the wine was gone, Jesus mother, who was also there, said to Jesus, "They have no more wine." (v3; NIV). Jesus reply, "Woman, what have I to do with thee? mine hour is not yet come", probably means something to the effect of "Never Mind", "This is my affair, not yours". Jesus was not being rude, but was showing that even His mother must leave miracles to Him, and wait for His timing. 

Six stone jars (probably holding about 20-30 gallons each), which the Jews use for ceremonial washing, stood nearby. Jesus told the servants to fill them with water, so they filled them to the brim. He then told them to draw some out and take it to the "master of the banquet." Tasting it, the master of the banquet called the bridegroom aside and said, "Everyone brings out the choice wine first and then the cheaper wine after the guests have had too much to drink; but you have saved the best till now." (v10; NIV). 

This miracle seems to show several things. For one, it shows that Jesus is God. he is able to create wine from water. For another, it shows that Christ is the best revelation of God (cf. Hebrews 1:1ff). The jars Jesus used were for the ceremonial washing of the Jews. These were used to keep the OT law. With the coming of Christ, however, God had saved the best revelation of Himself for last. In John 1:16-18, John the baptist testified, "He who comes after me has surpassed me because he was before me." "From the fullness of his grace we have all received one blessing after another. For the law was given through Moses; grace and truth came through Jesus Christ. No one has ever seen god, but God the One and Only, who is at the Father's side, has made him known." This miracle shows that Christ is a better revelation of God than the OT laws. Also, this sign may show Christ's ability to transform lost sinners into children of God. Christ persuaded the disciples by turning water to wine.

Second, Christ persuaded the disciples by cleansing the temple (v12-17). From Galilee, Jesus went to Capernaum for a few days. Near the time for the Passover, Jesus went to Jerusalem. He found men selling cattle, sheep and doves, and sitting at tables to exchange money. So He made a whip of cords, and drove them all from the temple area, scattering their coins, and overturning their tables. He said, "Get these out of here! How dare you turn my Father's house into a market!" (v16; NIV). This, as His disciples recalled, fulfilled an OT prophecy of the Messiah, "Zeal for your house will consume me." (cf. Psalm 69:9). Christ persuaded the disciples by cleansing the temple. 

Third, Christ persuaded the disciples by predicting His resurrection (v18-25). When the Jews demanded what miraculous sign Jesus could show to prove His authority to do these things, He answered, "Destroy this temple, and I will raise it again in three days." The Jews, not knowing what Jesus meant, said that it took 46 years to build the temple, and asked how He would then raise it in three days. Jesus, however, was referring to the temple of His body, which He would raise from the dead. Later, after Christ did rise, His disciples recalled this prediction, and "believed the Scripture and the words that Jesus had spoken." While in Jerusalem, at the passover feast, many people saw His signs, and "believed" in Jesus name. Jesus, however, did not entrust Himself to these people, because He knew their hearts. Many of the early followers later turned back when He didn't assume the role of their king (cf. 6:15, 60, 66). Christ persuaded the disciples by predicting His resurrection.

Christ further persuaded the disciples of His deity by turning water to wine, cleansing the temple, and predicting His resurrection.

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