Friday, March 26, 2010

John, John the baptist, the disciples, and Jesus' knowledge of Nathaniel testify He Is the Lamb And Son Of God (John 1)

John, John the baptist, and the disciples testified Jesus is the Son of God.

First, John states Jesus is both God (v1-13) and man (v14), referring to Him as "God", Eternal (v1), Creator (v3a), Life (v4a), Light (v4b-9), and Savior (v10-13). John called Jesus the "Word", because He reveals God to men. Hebrews confirms, 

"In the past God spoke to our forefathers through the prophets at many times and in various ways, but in these last days he has spoken to us by his Son...through whom he made the universe. The Son is the radiance of God's glory and the exact representation of his being, sustaining all things by his powerful word." (v1-3a). 

As creator, Jesus has "life" in Himself. Genesis 2:7 says, "the LORD God formed the man from the dust of the ground and breathed into his nostrils the breath of life, and the man became a living being." Jesus' ability to give spiritual "life" is the "light" of salvation for all men. 

But Jesus also became man. John says He became flesh (v14a), and dwelled among the disciples (v14b). In the OT, God dwelled in a tent among his people. In the NT, Jesus dwelled  among men, by taking on a human body. Philippians 2:6-7 says:

"Who, being in very nature God, did not consider equality with God something to cling to, but made himself nothing, taking the very nature of a servant, being made in human likeness." 

It was necessary for Jesus to become a man, to die as a payment for men's sin (cf. Hebrews 10:5-10). John states Jesus is both God and man. 

Next, John the baptist testified Jesus is the Son and Lamb of God (v15-18, 31-34; v29-35)At the time of Jesus' birth, Israel still lived under the Law. In that age, God prescribed animal sacrifices as a substitute for sin. This was a "shadow", or picture of Christ, showing God is holy, man is a sinner, and it is only through the bloody death of a substitute (such as the Lamb) that man can become right with God.  John knew Jesus is the Son of God because He showed them God's nature (v16-18). Whereas God revealed the Law through Moses, He now revealed His grace and truth through the person of Jesus Christ. God told John Jesus would baptize with the Holy Spirit (v33b-34), and John saw the Spirit of God descending upon Him (v31-33)John testified Jesus is the Son and "Lamb of God" which takes away the sin of the world (v29; cf. Hebrews 10:1ff; 1 Peter 1:19 -21)

Third, the disciples declared Jesus is Messiah (v37-46), and the Son of God (v47-51). Andrew testified they had "found the Messiah", and brought Peter to Jesus. The next day, Philip testified to Nathaniel they had "found the one Moses wrote about in the Law" and "prophets". When Jesus told Nathaniel He saw him under the fig tree before Philip called him, Nathaniel knew, Jesus is the "Son of God", and "King of Israel". The disciples declared Jesus is Messiah and Son of God.

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The Gospel


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