Monday, April 26, 2010

An Introduction And Expository Outline Of 2 Corinthians

Book: 2 Corinthians

Background:

Paul started the church in Corinth, and stayed there for a year and a half (Acts 18:1-18). After Chloe's household informed him of problems (1 Cor. 1:11), he sent the letter of 1 Corinthians, then Timothy (4:17). 

Unfortunately, this did not solve the problems, so Paul made a "painful visit" to Corinth, to confront the offenders (2 Cor 2:1ff). When this was ineffective, he sent "a severe letter" with Titus (2 Cor. 2:4-9; 7:8-12). Finally, Titus met Paul with the report that the Corinthians had repented (7:6-16), so Paul wrote 2 Corinthians. 

Contents: 

2 Corinthians explains Paul's ministry (1-7) (including his sufferings in Asia (1:3-11), plans to visit (1:12-2:4), joy over their repentance (1:24; 2:12-13; 7:6-7, 15-16), instructions about restoring the disciplined man (2:5-11 cf. 1 Cor. 5), the excellence of a ministry of grace over law (2:14-6:10), and his urge to separate from false teachers (6:11-7:16)), encourages the Corinthians to fulfill their commitment to an offering (8-9), and enforces Paul's authority as an apostle (10-13). 

Purpose:

Perhaps the binding purpose of this letter is to encourage those who suffer for Christ's glory. This was necessary because false teachers, who gloried in the flesh rather than Christ, discredited Paul's ministry and authority as "weak". 

Key Verses: 4:7; 10:17

"But we have this treasure [gospel of Christ] in earthen vessels, that the surpassing greatness of the power may be of God and not from ourselves...LET HIM WHO BOASTS BOAST IN THE LORD."

Theme: Glory in Christ, not the flesh. 

Outline:

1. By enduring weakness (1-5)
2. By separating from false teachers (6-7)
3. By giving to those in need (8-9)
4. By boasting about Christ (10-13)

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The Gospel


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