Theme: "And many other signs truly did Jesus in the presence of his disciples, which are not written in this book: But these are written, that ye might believe that Jesus is the Christ, the Son of God; and that believing ye might have life through his name." (20:30-31).
2. Public Persuasion
A. Of the Jews (5)
Up until now, Jesus' miracles and ministry were mainly centered around individuals: the disciples, Nicodemus, the Samaritan woman, the royal official, etc. Now, Jesus engaged public ministry by healing a lame man, defending His deity, and calling those who hear Him to trust Him for eternal life.
First, Jesus healed a lame man (v1-15). Jesus healed a man who had been lame for 38 years, due to his own sin. The man admitted he was unable to heal himself, and that relying on others to heal him had also not helped. Enter Jesus. This event seems to picture Jesus' ability to save someone not only from the penalty of his sin (which is eternal damnation in hell--2 Thessalonians 1:8ff), but also from the power of sin in his life (cf. Romans 6-7).
Next, Jesus defended His deity (v16-47). When Jesus said, "My Father is working until now, and I Myself am working.", the Jews wanted to kill Him because He was calling God His own Father, "making Himself equal with God." (v18; NAS). They understood that Jesus was claiming His own deity. As proof His claims were true, Jesus referred to the witness of 1. John the baptist (v33-35), 2. the miraculous works He had done (v36), 3. the Father (cf. John 1:33), and 4. the OT Scripture He fulfilled (39-47; cf. Luke 24:27, 44-46; Isaiah 35:5,6 "Then will the eyes of the blind be opened and the ears of the deaf unstopped. Then will the lame leap like a deer; and the mute tongue shout for joy... ).
Jesus called those who hear Him to trust Him for eternal life (v24). He reminded them that whoever "hears My word, and believes on Him who sent Me, has eternal life, and does not come into judgment, but has passed out of death into life." (v24; NAS). Jesus Himself, will raise all the dead. Those who trust him (as evidenced by their good deeds), He will raise to eternal life, and those who do not believe in Him (as evidenced by their evil deeds), He will raise to eternal judgment in hell.