Sunday, April 18, 2010

Jesus fullfils prophecies by being condemned, crucified, and buried for our sins: John 19:1-42

Text: John 19:1-42

Theme: "And many other signs truly did Jesus in the presence of his disciples, which are not written in this book: But these are written, that ye might believe that Jesus is the Christ, the Son of God; and that believing ye might have life through his name." (20:30-31). 

Here, Jesus is condemned (v1-15), crucified (v16-30), and buried (v31-42).

Jesus condemned (v1-15). Perhaps the most convincing truths about the following account are the fulfillment of OT prophecy of Messiah. Though Pilate may have thought scourging Jesus would satisfy the Jews and enable him to set Jesus free, this event fulfilled Isaiah 50:6, and 52:14-53:6, where Messiah is said to bear the blows and humiliation our sin deserves.

Isaiah 53:7 predicts the Savior would be silent before His accusers, and in John 19:9, He did not answer Pilate about where He was from. Psalm 22:7-8; 12-13 predicted Jesus would be mocked and reviled, and John witnessed these events. Jesus was condemned for our sins.

Jesus crucified (v16-30). Isaiah 53:12 foretells Messiah will be numbered with the transgressors, and John mentions two others crucified with Jesus. Jesus' seamless robe may  picture His righteousness, and the division of His garments among the soldiers fulfils Psalm 22:18. Psalm 69:21 predicts the Savior would be given vinegar to drink, and John witnessed Jesus receiving sour wine. Having born the curse of the law (Galatians 3:10-14), and satisfied God's righteous demands against the sin of all men (1 John 2:2; Romans 3) Jesus said "it is finished", and gave up the ghost. Jesus was crucified.

Jesus buried (v31-42). John's gospel records two events not found in the other gospels: the Savior did not have his legs broken, and was pierced in the side. The passover lamb was not to have it's bones broken (cf. Exodus 12:46). Since Jesus fulfilled this OT type, by becoming the "lamb of God which taketh away the sins of the world" (John 1), He too must not suffer a broken bone (cf. Psalm 34:20). Zechariah 12:10 predicted that the Savior would be pierced, and John records the soldier piercing Jesus' side. Isaiah 53:9 predicted the Savior would be buried with the rich, and John mentions Jesus was buried in the tomb of Joseph of Arimathea. Matthew 27:57 says Joseph was a rich man. Jesus was buried.

In John 19, Jesus fulfils numerous OT prophecies by being condemned, crucified, and buried as payment for the sins of the world.

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