Thursday, April 8, 2010

Jesus Is The Door, Good Shepherd, and Son of God: John 10:1-42

Text: John 10:1-42

Theme: "And many other signs truly did Jesus in the presence of his disciples, which are not written in this book: But these are written, that ye might believe that Jesus is the Christ, the Son of God; and that believing ye might have life through his name." (20:30-31).

2. Public Persuasion
     C. Of Jews (7-11)

In contrast to the religious leaders who threw the beggar out of the synagogue (chapter 9), Jesus teaches that He is the Door (v1-10), Good Shepherd (v11-21), and Son of God (v22-42). 

Jesus taught that He is the Door (v1-10). Anyone who proclaims a way of salvation, other than through faith in Jesus, is a "thief and robber" (v1, 7, 8). Anyone who enters salvation through Jesus "shall be saved, and shall go in and out, and find pasture." (v9). Jesus taught that He is the only door of salvation.

Jesus taught that He is the Good Shepherd (v11-21). As the Good Shepherd, Jesus dies for the sheep (v11-13). This probably refers to the fact that dying for the sins of the whole world (John 3:16; 1 John 2:2), He purchased the sheep as His own. By contrast, those who are "hirelings" do not care for the well being of the sheep. This may be evident in the way the Pharisees treated the beggar (cf. chapter 9). 

As the Good Shepherd, Jesus knows His sheep (v14-15). He knows their names (cf. 10:3), their nature (cf. Nathaniel; chapter 1:47), and their deeds (cf. 1:48). The Good Shepherd brings other sheep into the flock (v16). This probably refers to the fact that God will not only save the Jews, but also, Gentiles (cf. Ephesians 1-2). Finally, the Good Shepherd takes up His life again (v17-21). Jesus rose from the grave, and thus lives to pray for (cf. John 17:9, 11, 21; Hebrews 7:24-25) and defend His sheep (cf. 1 John 2:1).
 
Jesus taught that He is the Son of God (v22-42). This means Jesus is able to give His sheep eternal life (v28), and keep anyone from taking them out of His protective care (v29). As the "Son of God", Jesus is "one" with the Father (v30). This means He is one in nature with, but still a distinct person from the God Father. This made the Jews want to stone him (v31). They understood Jesus was claiming to be "God" (v33). As proof of His claims, Jesus repeatedly referred to His "works" (v 25, 32, 37, 38). When Jesus went beyond Jordan, "many" "believed in Him there" because of His works and the testimony of John the baptist (v40-42). Jesus taught that He is the Son of God.

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